£100M+ investment to protect UK food security and rural economy
29 November 2011
Major sectors of the UK economy and food chain have received a significant boost following the announcement by the Chancellor of the Exchequer of £80M of capital investment for the further development of research facilities at BBSRC's Institute for Animal Health at Pirbright.
The funding will be made available to BBSRC and, with additional support from BBSRC's own capital budget, will allow the construction of the £100M+ second phase of the development of the IAH campus at Pirbright. This phase will include the development of new high containment laboratories, experimental facilities and supporting infrastructure for studying avian and other animal diseases and to support the development of new vaccines and tests. This will lead to a third innovation development phase for the campus.
Minister for Universities and Science David Willetts said: "The UK is a world leader in research into animal diseases, underpinned by the excellent work of BBSRC and the Institute for Animal Health. This significant investment in Pirbright will drive growth, create highly-skilled jobs and improve our understanding of diseases that can have devastating effects on our rural economy, including avian flu. Not only is this vital for our agricultural industry but it also helps ensure future global food security."
BBSRC and IAH have been joined in welcoming the announcement by the UK farming and agricultural community.
The UK poultry sector which is worth around £8Bn to the national economy and employs over 35,000. The global poultry sector is worth over £85Bn a year and with strong growth in Asia represents a significant potential export market for the UK.
The new facilities will join the world-leading £100M+ high containment laboratory currently under construction at Pirbright, and due to become operational in early 2014. By providing a range of facilities for Institute scientists, IAH will be well placed to work on a range of important animal diseases and to provide key UK and international capabilities. Taken together the investments form the foundations of ambitious plans by BBSRC and IAH to develop an animal health science and innovation campus at Pirbright to drive economic growth and highly skilled job creation. The new facilities will allow the transfer of strategically important science from IAH's site at Compton in Berkshire, which is scheduled to close.
Professor Douglas Kell, BBSRC Chief Executive, said: "Investment in research and national research infrastructure has been shown to be the best way to generate long-term economic growth. The Institute for Animal Health at Pirbright is not only involved in furthering scientific knowledge and promoting innovation but in protecting animal health, rural livelihoods and food security. The new facilities for studying avian and other diseases will help to protect huge sectors in the UK economy and protect hundreds of thousands of jobs that would be at risk during an animal disease outbreak.
When taken with the development of a £100M+ laboratory already under construction, this new investment will allow BBSRC and IAH to further our vision of founding an animal health science and innovation campus at Pirbright centred on world-leading research."
Professor John Fazakerley, IAH Director, said: "This is very good news for the Institute for Animal Health as it takes us a step closer to our vision of a key global hub for research and innovation in animal virology and related disciplines. The new facilities in this next phase of development are urgently required to underpin UK and EU capability in research on virus infections of poultry and livestock. They will provide a single site that has a variety of bio-containment level working environments.
"In support of the UK's valuable poultry industry, we can with this investment build on previous research and innovation successes such as vaccines against coccidiosis and Marek's disease and the elimination of avian leukosis virus from poultry breeding stock. We will be able to expand our research into these and other important diseases of poultry and diseases that can spread from poultry to humans including influenza virus. In addition, we will extend our well-established role as a centre of excellence and partner of choice and offer opportunities for training and development to colleagues across the world."
Poultry disease such as Marek's disease and Infectious Bronchitis Virus disease pose major threats to the UK and global poultry sectors. These represent significant economic threats to the UK but also to our national food security. An uncontrolled outbreak of Marek's in the UK could destroy 90% of the country's poultry industry.
IAH scientists were the first to develop an effective vaccine against Marek's disease, which now have a global market of £2bn. The new facilities funded today will ensure that IAH can lead the UK's fight to protect food security and the rural economy.
The investment will also help IAH scientists to study other diseases in animals, including those that can cross species. A human pandemic, such as bird flu, has been identified as a top tier national security threat. The new facilities at Pirbright will become an important part of the UK's critical national security and preparedness infrastructure by allowing scientists to study avian influenza in the natural bird host.
According to estimates, a serious outbreak of avian influenza would cost the UK around 5% of GDP, or £68Bn.
Peter Kendall, President of the National Farmers Union, said: "We are delighted with the investment at Pirbright, which will allow the Institute for Animal Health to build on its world-leading work on combating animal diseases like bird flu and foot and mouth, and help underpin the future of livestock farming."
Peter Bradnock, Chief Executive of the British Poultry Council, said: "The British Poultry Council welcomes this funding for developing the work of IAH at Pirbright. In particular, the science behind new vaccines against certain poultry infections will underpin sustainable growth of the poultry production to the benefit of society, the environment, and of the birds themselves. We are pleased to see this commitment to science by the Government."
The avian research facilities and medium containment laboratories will now enter detailed design and planning work. IAH will work closely with the local authority and with communities local to the Pirbright site. The new facilities will become operational in 2016.
Notes to editors
The UK poultry industry is worth around £8Bn a year at retail level. Food is the UK's largest manufacturing sector.
The global poultry business is worth around £85Bn a year. The UK is home to two of the world's leading poultry breeding companies which provide over 80% of the breeding stock of the world's poultry birds. The sector is forecast to grow by at least 18% in the next decade.
An uncontrollable strain of Marek's disease could wipe out up to 90% of the poultry industry. IAH has led the world in this field of research for 25 years.
A major avian influenza outbreak could destroy 20-50% of the poultry industry at a cost of over £1Bn. Development of vaccines and diagnostic tests through IAH research will allows the UK to stay ahead of developing threats.
A serious outbreak of pandemic flu in the UK population could see a drop of 5% in UK GDP equivalent to £68Bn. At the global level, losses could exceed £1.4Tn.
The UK is a major and leading centre for poultry breeding. The sector is home to two leading companies, employs 3,200 people and generates £400M of turnover.
The Institute for Animal Health, which receives strategic funding from the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC), is a world-leading centre of excellence for research into viruses of farm animals, principally cattle, poultry, sheep and pigs, plus horses, and viruses which spread from animals to humans. Our research extends from fundamental to applied research, from genes all the way through to animal populations. It is our belief that better control of viral diseases requires a greater understanding of how each virus causes disease, how the immune systems of the farm animals respond to infection, and how the viruses spread, including those distributed by insects and other arthropods. In this way we contribute to the development of smarter, more effective vaccines; develop more discriminatory, user-friendly diagnostics; provide diagnostic services; and give expert knowledge to guide policy makers and farmers.
BBSRC invests in world-class bioscience research and training on behalf of the UK public. Our aim is to further scientific knowledge, to promote economic growth, wealth and job creation and to improve quality of life in the UK and beyond.
Funded by Government, and with an annual budget of around £445M, we support research and training in universities and strategically funded institutes. BBSRC research and the people we fund are helping society to meet major challenges, including food security, green energy and healthier, longer lives. Our investments underpin important UK economic sectors, such as farming, food, industrial biotechnology and pharmaceuticals.
Nancy Mendoza, Institute for Animal Health
tel: 01483 231154